One paper (Jani et al. 2021) describes how infection of mountain yellow-legged frogs by the amphibian chytrid fungus causes long-term changes to the community of bacteria inhabiting the frogs’ skin (“microbiome”). Given the myriad roles played by the microbiome, including those related to immunity, changes to its structure could have additional impacts on frogs. The second paper (Joseph and Knapp 2021) shows how using the results of visual encounter surveys in analysis of mark-recapture data can improve estimates of population size. Links to the full text of both papers is available on the Publications page.